Lexember Day “Two” – Comfortable?

Today we’re going to move on to COMFORTABLE.

The word in Old Bear come from two words:

Tcha – this word, used almost entirely as a prefix by the time of Old Bear, means “Like, as, or with.”

Spes –

Spes comes from the Before Words word spezzi, which meant the best way to be; as a matter of fact, a few remaining records show that this was considered to be one of the major tenents of the faith of the Sunrise People*

Tcha-spes, like the proper way to be … Chaspis, comfort.

But wait, we don’t want comfort, we want to be comfortable

so we want to add a –fa to the end.  The -fa just means – is this way, or -is capable of being this way.

EXCEPT sfa is sort of an awkward way ot talking

so in words ending in s

it shifts,

thus, we end up with


now, as for pronounciation

first syllable rhymes with chap

second one sounds like piss, but with a zzzz’d out s

and then the third is nearly ‘za, like the end of pizza.



* Once again, our terms are limited by the Bear-centric historical records.  What we can tell – much of this is from hidden Elk records or from mentions in other nations’ histories – is that the Sunrise people were a people either before the spirits choce tribes, or before the spirits were known to people at all.  The Sunrise People were one of three groups – the other two being the  Moonlight People and the Earth People – known to speak the Before Words.



#Lexember – Day One (shhh) – “Keep Me Safe.”

Leave me a prompt here – 

We’re going to start with Safe!

This comes from something that is referred to, when linguists talk about it at all, as the Before Words. It’s a common ancestor to several languages, including those that fall under “Bear” – Bear, Cat, and Fox – those that fall under “The Leege” – Deklegion and Haloran, Thuthion and Roasti – and two other sets.

Interestingly, while Elk falls under this, it does so only very remotely and there is a great deal of argument therein.

But back to safe.


ðeckk is from the Before Words, meaning “to look over, observe.”

This became thechk in Oldest Bear*, which means “guard.”

This word split: theach became “protect”, while theek became “observe, study.”

(in both cases, the central vowels are pronounced as two separate vowel sounds)

Old Bear uses toa before a verb to implore or command a non-specific target, such as if one was asking the world to rain.

It uses ro before a verb to suggest it is happening to oneself or one’s group, where one’s “group” is a close-knit – a marriage or siblings or a small team.”

(there is also a personal pronoun for only-I, but it is generally considered rather antisocial to use it, and it is only used in magery/wizardry in situations where one wishes to remove oneself from the group around one and cut off all connections.)

Thus keep me/we safe

toa ro theach

except that we need agreement.

Again, this is asking the world.  So (world) guard me, is toa ro theachow.  


*Old Bear is considered the root language of Bear, Cat, and Fox languages, which it is.  What it is not, linguistically, is any closer to modern Bear than it is to modern Cat or Fox, nor was it begun by the Bear people any more than any other of the two.  Oldest Bear is an older form of that language


#Lexember is coming!

I decided the Bear Empire needed Ancient Bear, a tongue used in magery, rituals, religion, and medicine that looks nice to chant.

And here is Lexember.

I’m gonna do this backwards: I’m gonna start making up a few words, and then work the language around them.  I have a couple ideas for phoneme and morpheme sets, but since this one is for flavor in books, I might steal the grammar of Latin wholesale.

First, I need words.

So I’m taking prompts for words.  I will TRY to do a noun and a verb every day, but I’m not going to stress about this.

And past experience has shown that if you ask me for the word for cheese, I end up with the whole dairy system.


Don’t ask me for the word for cheese, please.

Instead, think about a spell (If you’re reading Running in the Bear Empire or if you’re Eseme and reading OTStrange, you’ve seen some spells).

Then think about the words you might use for that spell.

Or just suggest a spell and I’ll go from there.



  1.  the spell for making your sleeping space safe and comfortable
  2. Does how you would address the Mother Bear count?
  3. Vermin. As in the spell to get rid of vermin from your house.

A Quick Conlang Post

I’ve been doing a bit of conlang over on Patreon this month as I play with people’s names in Reiassan and their post-Edally titles.

But I realized that a core concept of Calenyen, the language, had no word: Use

Time to fix that!

Calenyen has three grammatical genders:

Useful/of Use – toka
Useless/with no use – tyok
Beyond use – etok 

-tok- is used only in this setting and for nothing else.  Discussing use as -tok- is a philosophical concept that is intensely important to the Calenyena from their  goat-herding days through to their Industrial Revolution and beyond.



Conlang (Extra Lexember?) – Put Some Clothes On

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Today’s topic is… Clothes

Okay, let’s see.

We need people who weave, which means we need something to weave.

vinkin is a sort of linen-like fiber which grows easily in their environment.  vinken is the fabric made from it, and vonken is to weave or to make fabric.

rortlon is to sew; rirtlin is a sewn garment, rertlen is “sewn.”

in most cases, rirtlin has come to mean clothing as a whole.

lenlen is a sewing needle; hinlon is thread.

hinhin is embroidery, which is often done with beads made of wood, metal, or clay.

oh, yes, beads.

Ishjiishinjijin. (wooden, metal, clay beads).

The main garment worn is a folded sheet of fabric joined at the shoulders and often belted (kedvel; kidvil, a belt) around the waist; when the weather is cold, a tube that would probably be considered a shrug in modern terms is worn under or over this main garment.  The garment is a tilri (telren, folded; tilren, fold; tolren, to fold); the sleeve/shrug is a nini.

(none, to give someone the shoulder, to turn your back on them).

Continue reading

Conlang (Extra Lexember?) – The Village, Part II

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Today’s topic is… Village

Within a village, there are usually several people of importance:
You have the head person, mayor or dispute-reckoner.

Oh! Fight, a fight is rrig. To fight is thus rrog and fight-attitude is rreg.

Okay, so Jirregji. The head-of-village.

And you have the wise-folk: zindi (both Is are as in in)

And the clever-folk: ridi.

di itself means thought, mind.

In this case: the wise folk are usually older people who have proven themselves to have a great deal of knowledge to share.

And the clever folk are generally past adolescence and into an age of innovation.

Oh! Plurals.

=da, -sa, -ya, -kwa

-more-than-one, indeterminate
-a triad
-too many to count

so the wise-folk and the clever-folk are usualy zindiya, ridiya.

There is the Hunt-leader, redi. Like the jirregji, there is only one of them at once.
And the farm-leader, ledi.

And there is the diplomat, (the foreigner-leader), jijidi, of which there is usually be one, but might be several.

People of the village are likfrikwa

(fri is a person)

(Yes, village-people).

(well, TECHNICALLY, people of the green)

A larger village will have a child-leader as well, zizdi, one who thinks about the children.  But in a smaller village, this is handled by the wise-ones.

This is a level just barely beyond subsistence farming. Some people focus on root- or seed-crops, some focus on hunting, some on the animals.  Some make things from the things they can hunt or harvest – wooden things or foods or stone things or things made from bones, and so on.

And some people gather specifically those things that are unique to their own area, for trade with other areas.

Continue reading

Conlang (Extra Lexember?) – The Village

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Today’s topic is… Village


We have a rertivel, the house-bowl with a central green – liklek, in a style they often use (It’s a green-green)

And widoriginally a meadow or other wide stretch of land, becomes a field for planting crops in.

We have the thit, a cattle-like creature (and thet, bovine, usually used to mean lazy and sleepy, and thot, to act in a bovine matter).

The thit and the yin, an egg-laying creature (ducklike) are kept in kid, a corrale (ked, square, kidden, square, kod, to corralle).

And the food is often cooked in a central area, which is usually a kidden, the word square, moved out to mean a central cooking-place.

Those who cook are didden. (okay, technically, that’s One-who-cooks.  Must do plurals next) Continue reading

Conlang (Extra Lexember?) – Society

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Today’s topic is… Society

Right now, I’m building vocabulary based on a very pre-industrial society. It’s sort of an experiment (which might end up being an in-world experiment, too; I have Ideas); I’m picturing them at a beginning-to-farm level as well as having pictured them at a hunter-gatherer level and going outwards from that.

So what we have are people living mostly in tilteksturdy rock homes built on high outcroppings, generally up against each other and in horseshoe shapes to stand against the cold winds that come in from the coast.  Continue reading

Conlang (Extra Lexember?) – Shelter

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Today’s topic is… Shelter

The basic unit of shelter is vil, but this is used almost exclusively for what we might call a shack, although volto house (or be housed) is still used for almost any case involving giving someone a place to live.

Tiltek is a rock shelter, originally, but now means a sturdy or comfortable shelter.  Continue reading